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Nvizabillat - March Mega Quake? Part 2

Posted by Sista SoulJah on March 20, 2012 at 6:35 PM Comments comments (3)

One person on YouTube predicted a 9.2 in New Zealand or a 10.0 somewhere between California and Alaska happening on March 22 at exactly 04:58:34 UTC. (He can predict the exact time but not the exact location, and besides, there has NEVER been a 10.0 magnitude EQ ! C'mon Man !) Another predicts an 8.0+ somewhere along the Aleutian Islands on either March 21 or 22. (Very bold nonetheless, but not as outrageously farfetched !)



NOBODY knows exactly when the next "Big One" is going to happen or where it will be, but keep in mind there are more people researching this now than ever before because of the technology and information that is currently available, and some of those researchers, not all, but some believe something could happen this week. So, if you are in an earthquake prone region, please stay on alert this week, just in case.


I hope you find the following charts of interest.


The Ten Largest1 Earthquakes Since 1900
Below is a list of the largest earthquakes on record in the world. Magnitude, date, and location are also given.
Location
Date
Magnitude2
1.
Chile
May 22, 1960
9.5
2.
Prince William Sound, Alaska
March 28, 19643
9.2
3.
Andreanof Islands, Aleutian Islands
March 9, 1957
9.1
4.
Japan
March 11, 2011
9.0
5.
Kamchatka
Nov. 4, 1952
9.0
6.
Off western coast of Sumatra, Indonesia
Dec. 26, 2004
9.0
7.
Off the coast of Ecuador
Jan. 31, 1906
8.8
8.
Offshore Maule, Chile
Feb. 27, 2010
8.8
9.
Rat Islands, Aleutian Islands
Feb. 4, 1965
8.7
10.
Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
March 28, 2005
8.7
1. In terms of magnitude.
2. Moment magnitude.
3. March 28, 03:36:14 UT (March 27, 5:36 P.M. local time)
Source: National Earthquake Information Center, U.S. Geological Survey.


The Largest Earthquakes in the United States
The following table lists the largest earthquakes in the United States on record, according to rank, magnitude, date, and location. The largest earthquake to hit the U.S. was on March 28, 1964, when a 9.2 magnitude quake struck Prince William Sound in Alaska.

Rank
Magnitude
Date
Location
1.
9.2
March 28, 1964
Prince William Sound, Alaska1
2.
8.8
March 9, 1957
Andreanof Islands, Alaska
3.
8.7
Feb. 4, 1965
Rat Islands, Alaska
4.
8.3
Nov. 10, 1938
East of Shumagin Islands, Alaska

8.3
July 10, 1958
Lituya Bay, Alaska
6.
8.2
Sept. 10, 1899
Yakutat Bay, Alaska

8.2
Sept. 4, 1899
Near Cape Yakataga, Alaska
8.
8.0
May 7, 1986
Andreanof Islands, Alaska
9.
7.9
Feb. 7, 1812
New Madrid, Missouri

7.9
Jan. 9, 1857
Fort Tejon, California

7.9
April 3, 1868
Ka'u District, Island of Hawaii

7.9
Oct. 9, 1900
Kodiak Island, Alaska

7.9
Nov. 30, 1987
Gulf of Alaska

7.9
Nov. 3, 2002
Central Alaska
15.
7.8
March 26, 1872
Owens Valley, California

7.8
Feb. 24, 1892
Imperial Valley, California

7.8
Nov. 17, 2003
Rat Island, Alaska
17.
7.7
Dec. 16, 1811
New Madrid, Missouri area

7.7
April 18, 1906
San Francisco, California

7.7
Oct. 3, 1915
Pleasant Valley, Nevada
20.
7.6
Jan. 23, 1812
New Madrid, Missouri

7.6
June 28, 1992
Landers, California
22.
7.5
July 21, 1952
Kern County, California
23.
7.3
Nov. 4, 1927
West of Lompoc, California

7.3
Dec. 16, 1954
Dixie Valley, Nevada

7.3
Aug. 18, 1959
Hebgen Lake, Montana

Nvizabillat - March Mega Quake?

Posted by Sista SoulJah on March 19, 2012 at 5:30 PM Comments comments (3)

Well I'msure some of you have heard the talk and speculation surrounding a March 22,2012 Megaquake that could happen somewhere along the Pacific "Ring ofFire'. There are a few videos on YouTube on this subject matter that you mightfind to be quite interesting. I just want to put this out there.


That videosthat I watched were mostly based on planetary alignments, a large dark massalso coming into alignment (Elinen, Nibiru, Planet X, Wormwood, Brown Dwarf,Binary Star, whatever, take your pick) and something else coming into playreferred to as the "188 Day Cycle".


The"188 Day Cycle" is a cycle in which you take the 7.3 magnitude FijiEQ that happened September 15, 2011 add 188 days and you come up with March 22,2012. If you subtract 188 days from September 15, 2011 you get March 11, 2011.That was the day of the 9.0 magnitude Japan EQ disaster with the tsunami andFukushima Nuclear catastrophe. If you subtract 188 days from that event, youget September 4, 2010. On September 3, 2010 there was a 7.0 magnitude EQ in New Zealand.And so on, and so on, you get the idea.


So thesignificant EQ's of this 188 day cycle are as follows:

DATE  MAG LOCATION   CYCLE

 

03/22/12

?

?

+188 days from 09-15-11

 

09/15/11

7.3

Fiji

 

 

03/11/11

9

Japan

-188 days from 09-15-11

 

09/04/10

7

New Zealand

-189 days from 03-11-11

 

02/27/10

8.8

Chile

-188 days from 09-04-10

 

08/20/09

6

Norweg. Sea

-191 days from 02-27-10

 

02/11/09

7.1

Indonesia

-190 days from 08-20-09

 

08/09/08

6.5

Macquarie Is.

-186 days from 02-11-09

 

02/04/08

6.3

Chile

-187 days from 08-09-08

 

08/01/07

7.2

Vanuatu

-187 days from 02-04-08

 

This 188 daycycle stops at August 1, 2007 as no EQ's of significance (6.0+) occurred on orabout January 27, 2007.


So, I waswondering if the 188 day cycle could apply to other events as well. So I tookthe most recent 7.0 EQ, ( 7.1 VanuatuFebruary 2, 2012), as my starting point and subtracted 188 days (+/- 3 days,same criteria I that I used on the above info) and it was interesting as well.It produces these significant EQ's:


DATE

MAG

LOCATION

CYCLE

 

02/02/12

7.1

Vanuatu

 

 

07/31/11

6.7

New Guinea

-186 days from 02-02-12

 

01/24/11

6

Tajikistan

-188 days from 07-31-11

 

07/23/10

7.4

Phillipines

-185 days from 01-24-11

 

01/17/10

6.3

Drake Pass.

-187 days from 07-23-10

 

07/15/09

7.8

New Zealand

-186 days from 01-17-10

 

01/08/09

6.1

Costa Rica

-188 days from 07-15-09

 

07/05/08

7.7

Okhotskon

-187 days from 01-08-09

 

01/01/08

6.2

New Guinea

-186 days from 07-05-08

 

06/28/07

6.7

Bougainville

-187 days from 01-01-08

 

12/22/06

6.2

India

-188 days from 06-28-07

 

This cyclewas still ongoing but I decided to stop right there. So based on this cycle a6.0+ EQ should happen on or about August 8, 2012 (+188 days from the 7.1 Vanuatu of02/02/2012.


Thedifference in strength in the cycles was the March 22 cycle averaged 7.24magnitude and the February 2 cycle averaged 6.75 magnitude.


The thingthat is really eye opening about the March 22 cycle is that five of the lastsix EQ's are 7.0+ magnitude, so the possibility exists that there could besomething here. If the March 22 cycle pans out, I believe the next big EQ couldhappen between March 18-24, 2012, with the most likely date being March 21.


Follow this link for part 2:
http://realweather.webs.com/apps/blog/show/13378051-nvizabillat-march-mega-quake-part-2

 

Nvizabillat's Feb. 2012 EQ Report For Central US

Posted by Sista SoulJah on March 19, 2012 at 9:55 AM Comments comments (1)

These are the thirty six recorded earthquakes that occurred in the month of February 2012 in the Central region of the United States. As I pointed out previously the month started out slow with earthquakes occurring at the rate of < 0.50 earthquakes per day (EQPD) during the first half of the month. Then things started picking up a bit beginning February 21st with a 4.3 magnitude earthquake that struck the New Madrid region, (Only later to be downgraded to a 3.9, This quake still shows at 4.5 at the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences website), this quake was felt in twenty states ! Seventeen more earthquakes would occur after that to bring us to our monthly total.

Also, some time after that February 21st trembler, I noticed that five more earthquakes were added to the report that wasn't listed previously, I denoted these earthquakes with an asterisk (*) on the report. I find it rather odd that these were only added after the 4.3 occurred, they were in the same area, and the helicorders that I reviewed for the two on the 20th, at the times listed, showed no seismic activity whatsoever. This kind of thing is something that I'm really going to have to keep a closer eye on.


February 2012
Earthquakes in Central US (36)
All Earthquakes on Index Map

Earthquakes recorded for February 2012. Times are local (CST or CDT). The most recent earthquakes are at the top of the list. Click on the word "map" or "MAP" to see a map displaying the earthquake. Click on an event "DATE" to get additional text information. Magnitude 3 and greater earthquakes are printed in bold type. The top three magnitudes greater than or equal to 3 are in red.


MAG DATE LOCAL-TIME LAT LON DEPTH LOCATION
y/m/d h:m:s deg deg km
MAP 3.0 2012/02/29 16:20:43 35.667N 97.102W 4.6 9 km ( 6 mi) S of Fallis, OK
map 1.7 2012/02/28 21:27:09 34.788N 85.027W 5.2 6 km ( 3 mi) WNW of Dalton, GA
map 2.9 2012/02/28 18:09:23 45.941N 75.496W 12.4 133 km (82 mi) NNW of Norfolk, NY
map 1.8 2012/02/27 23:15:00 37.920N 77.995W 3.7 12 km ( 7 mi) S of Louisa, VA
map 2.0 2012/02/27 20:42:33 37.665N 89.686W 4.2 17 km (11 mi) WNW of Grand Tower, IL
map 2.2 2012/02/27 18:52:02 38.638N 89.913W 0.1 5 km ( 3 mi) N of O'Fallon, IL
map 1.9 2012/02/26 22:47:59 45.010N 74.184W 11.7 12 km ( 8 mi) NW of Chateaugay, NY
map 2.8 2012/02/26 22:30:47 36.151N 100.563W 5.0 27 km (17 mi) NW of Canadian, TX
map 1.9 2012/02/26 19:59:04 37.782N 77.561W 12.7 8 km ( 5 mi) WNW of Ashland, VA
map 2.6 2012/02/26 03:15:42 35.629N 97.093W 4.9 14 km ( 8 mi) S of Fallis, OK
map 2.2 2012/02/25 16:56:24 35.702N 84.165W 17.5 5 km ( 3 mi) N of Greenback, TN
map 1.7 2012/02/24 05:37:26 37.865N 78.008W 1.3 18 km (11 mi) S of Louisa, VA
map 1.6 2012/02/21 22:50:19 35.502N 84.515W 11.1 3 km ( 2 mi) ESE of Niota, TN
map 2.9 2012/02/21 18:30:34 35.547N 97.282W 5.9 14 km ( 9 mi) SSE of Arcadia, OK
map 2.0 2012/02/21 12:38:04 36.872N 89.408W 10.9 10 km ( 6 mi) N of East Prairie, MO
map 2.5 2012/02/21 11:05:47 36.871N 89.417W 10.2 11 km ( 7 mi) NNW of East Prairie, MO
map 1.8 2012/02/21 06:18:18 36.867N 89.413W 10.2 10 km ( 6 mi) NNW of East Prairie, MO
MAP 3.9 2012/02/21 03:58:43 36.873N 89.423W 7.9 11 km ( 7 mi) NNW of East Prairie, MO
* map 1.4 2012/02/20 04:30:08 36.534N 89.635W 7.4 11 km ( 7 mi) WSW of New Madrid, MO
* map 1.4 2012/02/20 03:58:56 36.553N 89.612W 8.1 8 km ( 5 mi) WSW of New Madrid, MO
map 2.3 2012/02/19 04:13:05 31.232N 103.460W 5.0 21 km (13 mi) S of Pecos, TX
map 2.7 2012/02/19 01:12:30 37.913N 77.984W 2.9 13 km ( 8 mi) S of Louisa, VA
map 2.8 2012/02/18 14:28:10 35.777N 96.883W 4.0 13 km ( 8 mi) S of Agra, OK
map 1.2 2012/02/18 07:30:02 36.280N 89.456W 5.8 3 km ( 2 mi) ENE of Ridgely, TN
map 2.6 2012/02/18 00:24:28 35.546N 97.272W 4.7 14 km ( 9 mi) SSE of Arcadia, OK
* map 1.4 2012/02/17 22:09:18 36.493N 89.543W 7.8 11 km ( 7 mi) S of New Madrid, MO
* map 2.0 2012/02/17 14:21:53 36.492N 89.546W 8.0 11 km ( 7 mi) S of New Madrid, MO
* map 1.4 2012/02/14 23:37:03 36.588N 89.622W 7.0 8 km ( 5 mi) W of New Madrid, MO
map 1.8 2012/02/10 19:31:31 35.480N 92.222W 3.0 11 km ( 7 mi) S of Higden, AR
map 2.2 2012/02/08 16:24:28 45.552N 75.305W 13.9 87 km (54 mi) NNW of Norfolk, NY
map 2.8 2012/02/08 13:04:32 35.578N 97.286W 3.9 11 km ( 7 mi) SSE of Arcadia, OK
map 0.8 2012/02/07 22:36:44 35.616N 90.397W 9.9 6 km ( 4 mi) W of Lepanto, AR
MAP 3.3 2012/02/07 10:29:29 35.395N 96.524W 5.0 17 km (11 mi) WNW of Bearden, OK
map 2.5 2012/02/07 00:13:38 37.200N 90.316W 0.1 14 km ( 9 mi) NE of Greenville, MO
map 1.6 2012/02/05 21:30:18 32.969N 80.150W 4.7 4 km ( 3 mi) S of Lincolnville, SC
MAP 3.0 2012/02/04 06:48:08 28.825N 98.167W 5.0 27 km (17 mi) WSW of Karnes City, TX

Source: http://folkworm.ceri.memphis.edu/recenteqs/Quakes/quakes0.html



Here are the updated numbers for the last six months:


Month
Days
EQ
EQPD
Sept 2011
30
70
2.33
Oct 2011
31
112
3.61
Nov 2011
30
115
3.83
Dec 2011
31
83
2.67
Jan 2012
31
68
2.19
Feb 2012
29
36
1.24




TOTAL
182
484
2.65

And of those 484 EQ's, 74 (15.2%) were of magnitude 3.0 or higher.


I hope that you found this to be informative. Look for the next report in April.
nvizabillat


"Shake It Up"-Cars,1981


Northwest Megaquake/Tsunami Scenario

Posted by Westcoasttruthtube on November 13, 2011 at 10:00 PM Comments comments (0)

What a great article written Thursday, August 25, 2011

 

 

By: Bruce Barcott

 

PITY POOR CASSANDRA, blessed by Apollo with the power of prophecy, cursed with the fate of ­disbelief. She tells the people what’s coming. She suffers their laughter, absorbs their scorn. Then she watches her prediction come true. Yeah, you told us so, they’ll say as they bury the dead. Congratulations, jerk.

Patrick Corcoran feels her pain. It’s his job. Every day, he rises at dawn and goes out into the world to tell people to prepare to meet their doom. Or, rather, to prepare to escape it.

Corcoran is a professional geographer in Astoria, Oregon, a misty fishing port where the Columbia River meets the ­Pacific Ocean. He’s a high-energy guy, 50, with a little ­Billy Bob Thornton to his look. Loves his job and loves his coffee. Drives around in his ­Toyota ­Tacoma all day with an 11.5-foot-long Taka­yama paddleboard strapped to the rack. He’s a coastal natural-hazards specialist with Ore­gon Sea Grant, a marine version of an agri­cul­tural extension service affiliated with ­Oregon State University. Cor­coran prophesies earthquakes and tsunamis five days a week.

“It breaks my heart to go out and tell people, ‘Hey, you know that place your grandparents immigrated to, the place you call home, that seaside cottage? Well, it turns out to be a high-risk disaster zone. Yeah. We get a massive earthquake every 300 to 500 years around here, and we’re due. They’re super bad. When it comes, it’s a monster. A full-rip nine.’ ”

By “full-rip nine” Corcoran means a mag­ni­tude-9.0 earthquake, the kind of massive off­shore temblor that triggered the tsunami that killed 28,050 people in Japan on March 11, 2011. Geologists call them megaquakes. Geo­logists also call the Northwest coast of North America—from Vancouver Island down to Northern California—one of the like­­liest next victims.

“When that earthquake hits, it’s going to shake for a long time,” says Corcoran. “Three to five minutes or more. You’re going to feel lucky to survive. Then guess what. You rode out the quake? Congratulations. Now you have 15 minutes to get above 50 feet of ele­vation. Fifteen minutes. You’re elderly and not very mobile? Sorry. Your condition does not change the geologic facts. It’s called a tsu­nami. The water’s coming. It can’t be stopped. Don’t ask Jesus to save you. Be your own Jesus.”

This is the prophecy that Corcoran offers to school groups, Rotary Clubs, town ­councils, and first responders up and down the Ore­gon coast. In Newport, Coos Bay, Seaside, Cannon Beach, Gearhart, Waldport, and Bandon, the people have heard his rap. And how do they respond?

“People are like”—he sticks his fingers in his ears—“Na-na-na-na-na-na-na! Can’t hear you!” He shrugs. “It’s human nature. People don’t like to get bad news.”

People, get ready. The bad news is coming.

THE PLANET'S SKIN is a jigsaw puzzle of tec­tonic plates, 50 miles thick. Each piece is ­under constant pressure to move, building up ­elastic strain until the pressure overcomes the force of friction keeping it locked against its neighbor. The plate breaks free and snaps to a new position. The violence of this movement sends vibrations through the earth’s crust. An earthquake is born.

Tens of thousands of earthquakes happen around the world every year. Most are too small to be felt. Larger ones—6.0 to 8.0 on the Richter scale of magnitude1—go off nearly every month, but we take notice only when they hit populated targets like cities and schools. The earthquake that leveled Haiti last year was a 7.0. The 2008 quake that collapsed so many school buildings in central China was a 7.9.

Megaquakes, by contrast, are extremely rare. Prior to 2004, scientists hadn’t seen one of these 8.5-to-9.5 monsters since the 9.2- magnitude quake that hit Alaska on Good Friday 1964, the second-largest on record. Forty years passed without another one.

Then came Sumatra. Early on the morning of December 26, 2004, a 9.1 earthquake struck off the island’s northern coast, creating a tsunami that killed 227,898 people in Southeast Asia. It was the first megaquake in 40 years, but what grabbed the world’s attention was the tsunami—in large part because it was the first to occur in the age of digital video.

A second megaquake hit on February 27, 2010, when a 310-mile section of the Pacific plate ruptured off the coast of Chile. The event set off an 8.8 earthquake and ­generated a tsunami that left 521 dead.

Then, this year, a third mega­­quake struck off the coast of Japan, which boasts the world’s most tsunami-hardened coastline. Cities along the nation’s Pacific edge had erected massive protective walls built to withstand tsunamis generated by the largest earthquakes Japan had ever experienced—all in the 8.2-to-8.4 range. The March 11 quake was a 9.0, however, and not even the world’s largest seawall, the 1.2-mile, $1.5 billion barrier outside the city of Kama­ishi, could hold back the water.

Footnotes

1. The Richter magnitude scale, developed by American geologist Charles Richter in 1935, must surely be one of the most confusing units of measurement in common usage. It’s a logarithmic scale, which means that the seismic waves sent out by a 7.0 quake are 10 times larger than those of a 6.0 quake. But the earth’s crust can only shake so hard. Once you get past a 6.0, the earthquake’s greater energy is expressed in longer shaking times. So the 6.9 Loma Prieta quake—the one that interrupted the 1989 World Series in San Francisco—lasted 15 seconds. The Great San Francisco Earthquake of 1906, estimated at somewhere between magnitude 7.7 and 8.3, lasted more than 45 seconds.

Coincidence? Or significant cluster? Some geologists, including Tom Parsons, a U.S. Geo­­logical Survey (USGS) geophysicist at the ­Pacific Coastal and Marine Sciences Center in Menlo Park, California, say it was chance. “Based on the evidence we’ve seen,” he says, “we don’t think that large, global earth­­quake clusters are any­thing more than ­coincidence.” Parsons and his col­­league, University of ­Texas at El Paso seis­molo­gist Aaron Velasco, studied 30 years of major quakes (7.0 and larger) to see if they trig­gered subsequent 5.0-plus quakes. They found none.

Parsons’s study didn’t settle the question. Far from it, in fact. “Make no doubt about it: we’re in the middle of a global cluster of megaquakes,” says Chris Goldfinger, director of the Active Tectonics and Seafloor Mapping Lab at Oregon State University. “Every­body’s noticed it. There are seismologists who say it’s not statistically significant. But it’s happening. The reason it’s downplayed is that nobody’s figured out a mechanism—how and why they’re happening now.”

Goldfinger is no fringe scientist, and what’s especially troubling is that this sort of clus­ter­ing has been seen before. Six of the world’s 16 largest recorded2 megaquakes happened between 1952 and 1964. More worrying, all six of the ’52–’64 cluster megaquakes ­occurred around the infamous Ring of Fire, the volcano-dotted arc that traces the edge of the Pacific plate. Of the remaining ten largest mega­quakes, five have occurred since 2004. All five were along the Ring of Fire.

“Places that were previously considered safe, well, they’re now being reconsidered,” Gold­finger says.

The Pacific Northwest is at the very top of that list.

THE PROBLEM IS the Cascadia subduction zone, or CSZ. This is an enormous fault that parallels the West Coast for about 740 miles, from the Brooks Peninsula on Vancouver ­Island to Cape Mendocino in Northern California. It sits about 50 miles off the coast, ­marking the line where the North American plate meets the Juan de Fuca plate. The CSZ ends where the San Andreas Fault begins, about 100 miles north of San Francisco.

The San Andreas you’re familiar with. It’s a transform fault—one characterized by ­lateral movement—where the Pacific plate grinds north past the North American plate. The creeping section of the San Andreas, south of the Bay Area, sheds its built-up strain in frequent small earthquakes, like a forest that burns so often it never has the chance to stock­pile fuel. The northern and southern ends of the fault aren’t moving, which leads geologists to believe they eventually will lurch, ­resulting in a quake as large as 8.1. 

2. “Largest recorded” means, in essence, dating back to 1880, when modern seismograph technology began to record the vibrations from earthquakes.

The CSZ is a different beast. Up in the North­west, the plates don’t merely grind past each other. The heavier Juan de Fuca plate dives under (subducts) the lighter North American plate at a rate of 1.6 inches per year. Hence, a subduction zone. Transform faults like the San Andreas are capable of throwing off major quakes—up to 8.1—but not mega­quakes. Rule of thumb: the longer the fault rupture, the bigger the quake. Only sub­duc­tion zones have the length necessary to generate the mammoth 9.0’s.

The CSZ is especially deceptive because it’s been inactive for all of recorded history.3 “Seismically quiet as Kansas,” says ­Robert Yeats, the éminence grise of West Coast seis­­mology and the author of Living with Earthquakes in the Pacific Northwest: A Survivor’s Guide. “Or so we thought.”

Back in the 1970s and ’80s, Yeats and ­others attributed the CSZ’s quiescence to a kind of hyper-lubrication. The subduction zone must be so slippery, they thought, that the Juan de Fuca plate is sliding under the North American plate as if on a bed of axle grease.

Then in 1979, John Adams, a New ­Zealand geologist working in Canada, noticed some­thing funny. Going over data from the ­Nat­ional Geodetic Survey, America’s surveying corps, Adams found that highways along the Washington and Oregon coast were gaining about one to two millimeters of ­elevation per year. His findings held all the ominous portent of a line from a Tommy Lee Jones disaster movie: Um, guys, why are all the roads rising?

Other evidence compounded the ­concern. In 1986, Brian Atwater, a researcher at the USGS, was canoeing along the shore of Willapa Bay, north of the Oregon-­Washington state line, during a low tide. He noticed evidence of a “ghost forest,” old ­cedar stumps half-buried in the tidal ­marshes. The stumps sparked a memory; at a talk by USGS geologist Tom Ovenshine years earlier, Atwater had heard that spruce and willow thickets in Alaska’s Cook ­Inlet had dropped five feet during the 1964 Good Friday quake. Could the same thing have happened here? Tree-ring tests by colleagues confirmed that the Willapa Bay forest died in 1700. So did other buried estuary stumps along Washington’s southern coast. That date cor­res­ponded with historical ­accounts of a massive tsunami striking the ­islands of Japan in January 1700.

This startling evidence made seis­­­­mologists sit up and take notice. Clearly, the Cascadia subduction zone had ruptured in a megaquake in 1700, down-dropping the Northwest coast several feet in elevation and unleashing a killer tsunami.

As for the rising roads, well, think of it this way. Take a fishing rod and jam the tip up against a low garden wall. Now hold the rod at the butt and slowly push the tip into the wall. As tension builds, the rod will bow upward under the strain. That, in a nutshell, is what the North­west coast is doing.

3. Which, in the Pacific Northwest, isn’t saying much. Indians have been here for 10,000 years, but written history arrived only in the early 19th century.

“The new evidence meant that the Juan de Fuca plate wasn’t sliding easily ­under the North American plate,” says Yeats. “It meant that the two plates were completely locked.” Pressure has been building and building, for 311 years. If you are a geologist, at this point what runs through your mind is, Holy shit.

Of course, the magic number could be 500 years, or (gulp) 244. For the past decade, Chris Goldfinger has been pulling samples from land­slide zones off the Oregon coast.4 By interpreting the cross-sections, he found a record of 19 full-rip nines in the past 10,000 years—a rate of about one every 500 years. He also dis­covered 22 CSZ quakes measuring 8.0 to 8.5. That means the CSZ has caused 41 major quakes in the past 10,000 years, or one every 244 years.

So what we have now is a 740-mile ­section of the world’s most seismically active zone, the Ring of Fire, that has been building up elastic strain for 311 years. The North American plate, by some estimates, is now springloaded to leap more than 57 feet west and drop three to six feet in elevation at the coast. The CSZ always ruptures in one of two ways: as a kielbasa (along its entire length) or as one of numerous breakfast-link sausages (a single 200-mile segment). A breakfast link would set off an 8.0, limiting damage to a portion of the coast. The whole kielbasa would be a 9.0-plus that rocks the entire Northwest coast.

“The amount of devastation is going to be unbelievable,” Rob Witter, a geologist with the USGS’s Alaska Science Center, told the Oregonian in 2009. “It may not happen in a person’s lifetime, but if it does, it’s going to be equivalent to a Katrina-like event.”

Or, as Goldfinger puts it, “If it did happen, it can happen.”

THIS IS HOW it will happen.

Let’s pick a day: June 22, 2012. It’s a gorgeous Friday afternoon in the Pacific Northwest, 75 degrees and sunny. It’s been raining for weeks, and in Seattle the freeways are jammed with people fleeing the city to ­enjoy the rare sunshine. Same story in Portland. Out on the coast, the beach towns are thrumming with tourists. In Ocean Shores, Washington, teenagers race rental scooters up and down the town’s six-mile-long peninsula. Merchants are happy. The motels are nearly full. Down in bustling Seaside, Oregon, 75 miles away, shopkeepers are doing a snappy trade in ­T-shirts, towels, flip-flops, and sunscreen. Eight miles south in tony Cannon Beach, rest­aurants are booking tables for 7 p.m.

4. During a subduction-zone earthquake, landslides occur on the ocean floor just as they do on dry land. Unlike dry-land slides, however, the most likely thing that can set off a seabed slide is an earthquake. So they make excellent markers of subduction-zone events.

Officials in each town are aware of the CSZ megaquake-and-tsunami risk. They’ve all printed up evacuation-route maps. In Cannon Beach, they’ve even talked about building a new city hall that would double as a tsu­­­nami safe house. But nobody has ever had the money to build anything, other than installing tsunami-warning sirens.

Not that there will be much warning. Even today, when it comes to earthquake prediction, the earth remains a poker ­player without a tell. “The best we can do is let people know how the shaking will spread once an earthquake starts,” says University of Washington geologist John Vidale, director of the Seattle-based Pacific Northwest Seismic Net­­­work. “Japan’s system is the best in the world. Within 30 seconds of the start of the March 11 earthquake, they broadcast a warning that it would be at least a magnitude 8.0.” No such system yet exists in the United States, though Vidale’s and other teams are working on one.

“Let me tell you this,” Patrick Corcoran says as we stroll down Broadway, Seaside’s main drag. “There’s a shop a couple blocks up the street that sells T-shirts that say TSUNAMI EVACUATION PLAN: (1) GRAB BEER. (2) RUN LIKE HELL.”

“And honestly,” he says, “that’s not a bad strategy.”

MINUTE 0:00

After 312 years, the Cascadia subduction zone can no longer contain the strain. It ruptures at a spot 55 miles west of Cannon Beach and quickly spreads along 700 miles of its 740-mile length. The North American plate slips anywhere from 45 to 57 feet to the southwest, sliding over the Juan de Fuca plate. It doesn’t happen instantly. A mass that large—remember, we’re talking about crust more than 50 miles deep—takes time to move. But upon its first lunge, the CSZ sends out a pres­sure wave, or P-wave, that travels through the earth’s crust at 13,000 miles per hour. It reaches the West Coast within ten seconds. That first P-wave, the earthquake’s leading edge, hits Ocean Shores, Cannon Beach, and Seaside. Thirty seconds later it reaches Port­land; in 50 seconds, it hits Seattle. At the Uni­versity of Washington’s Seis­mology Lab in Seattle, the seismometers jump. Geologists read the data and declare the earthquake a 9.1. It’s the full rip.

The first few seconds feel like any other strong earthquake: jarring. “The pressure wave is like a jackhammer, rat-tat-tat-tat-tat,” explains Goldfinger, who happened to be outside Tokyo—at a geology conference to discuss the Sumatra earthquake—during the March 11 Sendai quake.

The sound is majestic and awesome. In his book A Dangerous Place, author Marc Reisner wrote of his experience in San Francisco during the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake: “What I remember most vividly is the grinding, the unearthly noise of great surfaces and structures grating together.” Chris Goldfinger recalled the sound of leaves rattling on trees. In Japanese houses, the sound was an unrelenting clatter of metal and glass.

In the offices, apartments, and high-rise condos of Seattle and Portland, uncertainty creeps into half a million heads: Freeze or flee? In videos shot during the Japanese mega­quake, the overwhelming emotion on display isn’t panic or raw fear. It’s focused anxiety and strategic calculation. They are trying to figure out what to do.

“People in buildings die in an earthquake one of two ways,” Corcoran says. “Either the building pancakes on top of them, or they run outside and a gargoyle falls off and hits them on the head. You need to know: Is your building a pancake or a gargoyle?”

Instinct and old memories kick in. Many people duck and cover under a strong table. (Actually not the worst plan.) Others recall their mothers telling them to jump into the bathtub. (Wrong natural disaster! The bathtub’s for tornadoes.) Out on the roads, traffic slows to a halt, like a scene in one of those movies where invading aliens power down the planet.5 Some drivers get out and crouch next to their cars. Others stand and spectate. By and large, people remain calm.

Except, that is, on Seattle’s Alaskan Way Viaduct. The elevated double-decker express­­way running along Elliott Bay begins to rock with the first P-wave. For more than two ­dec­ades, seismic engineers have warned that the Viaduct, built in the 1950s, will collapse in a major quake.6 Work on a $3.1 billion tunnel to replace it started in 2008, but the project has been delayed by political wrangling and soil problems. Now the Viaduct turns into a two-story demolition derby as people make desperate bids to reach the nearest off-ramp before the thing buckles. In the coming minutes, some sections will pancake, while ­others will topple completely. Drivers will be crushed ­beneath tons of concrete.

Two hundred miles south, in the ­trinket shops of Seaside, merchandise hops off the shelves. At the Purple Pelican, glass ­seahorses, swans, and custom-painted wine­glasses crash to the floor. Half-drained beer pints dance off the bar at Pudgy’s Broiler. On the Seaside Carousel, fathers pull their daughters off painted horses and leap from the turn­table. Everybody knows it’s an earthquake. Nobody knows yet that it’s the big one.

Meanwhile, 50 miles offshore, the ­movement of the North American plate displaces a massive volume of seawater. A standing wave just a few feet tall appears at the surface, then splits in two. One half heads west toward ­Japan at a speed approaching 450 miles an hour. It will reach Honshu, the main island, in ten hours. The other half heads east. It will hit the coasts of Oregon, Washington, and Vancouver Island in 20 minutes.

MINUTE 1:00

After the earthquake’s initial pressure wave, there’s a short lull. Then the S-waves arrive. These shear waves travel more slowly than the pres­sure wave, but they’re longer-lasting. A shear wave is like the wave that runs down a garden hose when you whip it. “It’s the S-waves that ­really do the damage,” says Gold­finger. “It feels like you’re on a boat. Every­thing turns fluid.” People start feeling dizzy. Some drop and hug the ground.

The Pacific Northwest Seismic Network flashes an earthquake alert to first responders, government officials, and media outlets. The network’s instruments indicate that this is a full subduction-zone event, not a short fault rupture. “Expect shaking to continue for up to five minutes,” the alert says. “Heavy after­shocks will follow.”

5. A study of Japanese drivers during a 2003 earthquake found that 90 percent had slowed to a stop within about ten seconds of the start of the earthquake.

6. The Viaduct is a near carbon copy of the Bay Area’s infamous Cypress Structure, a one-mile stretch of the Nimitz Freeway that pancaked during the Loma Prieta earthquake, killing 42 motorists.

In Seattle and Portland, the strong shaking begins to induce liquefaction,7 a process in which the sandy soil that portions of both cities are built on turns into a thick, slurry-like liquid. Parts of Portland rest atop sediment laid down by the Willamette River, and Seattle’s water­front sits on tidal flats overtopped by loose fill. In a quake, this unconsolidated fill loses its ability to support heavy structures. Wide cracks open in the streets. Sections of Seattle’s waterfront collapse. Liquefied soil pushes against the city’s retaining seawall, which has been weakened by gribbles.8

On the Oregon and Washington coasts, the S-waves turn the landscape into a rolling sea. Tourists struggle to stay on their feet. Older buildings shift off their foundations. In Seaside, the 1924 bridge that carries Broadway across the Necanicum River can’t handle this dance. It twists, buckles, and collapses.

MINUTE 2:00

People start checking their watches. Nobody can believe an earthquake could keep going this long. For that they can blame the unique features of the CSZ.

“Because there’s so much sediment on it, the CSZ is very smooth,” says Goldfinger. “Once it gets going, there are no ­irreg­ularities on its surface to stop it. If there’s no reason for it to stop, it’ll just keep going until it dissipates all 300-odd years of elastic strain.”

Japan’s March 11 quake lasted more than five minutes. That’s longer than it takes a pot of coffee to brew. And that’s not good.

“Most modern buildings weren’t designed to withstand three to four minutes of shaking,” says Peter Yanev. One of the leading seismic-engineering con­sul­tants, Yanev has investigated more than a 100 quakes around the world. “Almost none of the buildings in Seattle were designed for a megaquake.”

Most unreinforced-masonry buildings9 in Portland and Seattle can survive a 45-­second quake, like the magnitude-6.8 Nisqually quake that hit Seattle in 2001. But the longer they’re shaken, the weaker the structures be­come. “The difference between 40 seconds and four minutes is like the difference between a head-on collision at four miles an hour versus 40,” says Yanev.

7. About liquefaction: Sandy soils are held together by friction. But when you add water (the ground under Seattle and Portland is typically saturated at the end of a rainy Pacific Northwest spring) and shake, the bonds of friction break. The most famous example occurred during the Loma Prieta quake, when the ground beneath San Francisco’s Marina District turned to slop.

8. That’s right, gribbles: flea-size isopods that eat wood softened up by salt water. They’ve been munching away at Seattle’s Elliott Bay seawall for decades. Each gribble has four mouths, a healthy appetite, and a symbiotic partnership with a bacterium that breaks down creosote.

9. These buildings, with load-bearing walls made of brick or masonry, were typical in the early 1900s. They tend to collapse like the proverbial ton of bricks. California banned the construction technique as early as 1933 and required existing structures to undergo seismic retrofitting in the 1970s. In Seattle, about one-third of all unreinforced-masonry buildings have been retrofitted.

Buildings begin to shake apart at the two-minute mark. Bricks rain onto side­­­walks. In house base­ments, hot-water heaters topple and rupture natural-gas pipes. Fires flare. In some communities, fire crews can’t respond because the earthquake has warped ­garage-­door frames. If they can get out, it’s a crapshoot as to whether they’ll have enough ­water pressure to fight the fire, because the earthquake has ruptured water lines.10

Along Seattle’s waterfront, fire isn’t the problem. By minute two, piers begin to collapse. Ye Olde Curiosity Shop and Ivar’s Acres of Clams, two fixtures of the waterfront, slump into the bay. Power lines snap across the Northwest. There are no active nuclear facilities in the area, but along the Columbia River, high-voltage transmission lines connected to the river’s hydroelectric dams sway and topple into the river. Power grids across the West experience dramatic drops in supply.

In Portland, a city famous for its bridges, the spans begin to buckle. The Marquam Bridge carries Interstate 5 over the Willamette River. In 1995, engineers installed shock ­absorbers and restraint cables throughout the structure as part of a seismic retrofit. As a result, it remains upright. The Fremont Bridge, which holds Interstate 405, was built in 1973. It topples into the Willamette. Along U.S. High­way 101, the coast’s main north-south corridor, dozens of bridges go down.

In Seaside and Cannon Beach, lifeguards blow their whistles and stagger down the shore­line to call people in from the water. They know what’s coming. In Ocean Shores, there are no lifeguards. Most tourists stay put.

MINUTE 3:00

As the shaking continues, the northern ­Pacific coastline sinks. The elastic strain that caused roads to rise slowly over 312 years is being released in a matter of minutes. The coast drops—whump—five feet in elevation.

There are more than 900 modern high-rise buildings in Vancouver, Seattle, and Port­­land. More than half were ­constructed before 1997, when most urban design codes were up­dated to reflect the possibility of a CSZ mega­quake. In downtown Seattle, there are reports of glass-and-steel ­office buildings buckling. This is hard to ­believe: weren’t they designed to flex and roll with an earthquake? Well, yes. But not this kind of earthquake. Most modern 20-to-40-story buildings are designed to survive nearby crustal earthquakes but not large subduction-zone events. Crustal earth­quakes send out high-frequency waves; subduction-zone quakes send out low-­frequency waves over longer distances. In some parts of Seattle, those waves react to Seattle’s soft soil like sound waves hitting a bullhorn. Along the waterfront, Harbor ­Island, and the Du­wam­ish Valley, ground motion will be two to five times as violent, and last twice as long, as it would at a comparable site on bedrock. In those areas, some buildings will collapse.

The Space Needle is not collapsing. In fact, it may be the safest building in town. With its tripod legs, inner steel core, and massive under­­ground foundation, the Needle was built to survive 100-mph winds and a 9.0 earthquake. But low-frequency seismic waves have sent the Needle into a side-to-side whip like a car’s antenna. Now 78 visitors trapped in the top house stagger to walls and girders like storm-tossed sailors. Some splay out flat on the floor. The early stages of seasickness rumble in their guts. One ­woman recalls the spec­tacular view she enjoyed a mere three minutes ago and thinks, Boy, it’s a long 600 feet down.

 

MINUTE 5:00

Five minutes and 17 seconds after it began, the earthquake stops. The University of ­Wash­ington Seismology Lab tags it as the largest in the region’s recorded history. Globally, it ranks as the third-largest ever recorded by modern seismic instruments.

10. In terms of fire, Seattle’s actually in better shape than most other cities, having spent $197 million in 2004 to quake-­harden its fire units. The SFD’s firehouse doors all open. The department has pumps and mile-long hoses to draw water ­directly from Puget Sound, Lake Washington, or any of nine reservoirs.

The worst is over for Seattle and Portland. But in the beach towns, the countdown has begun. A tsunami that will inundate the coast­line is now about 35 miles offshore. It will reach dry land in a little more than 15 minutes. There are 7,500 people in the inun­dation zone in Ocean Shores. Seaside: 15,000. Cannon Beach: 7,800.

Take the advice on the T-shirt. Grab beer. Run like hell.

MINUTE 6:00

The beach at Seaside is one of the glories of the Oregon coast. It’s flat, wide, vanilla-gray, and gorgeous. The lifeguards continue to herd swimmers and sunbathers away, but some are unconvinced. They don’t hear the tsunami sirens, or, having been through tests of the sirens in the past, ignore them.11 “This is no joke,” one tells a visitor. “You need to move. Now.” Move where? people ask. “Walk up Broadway,” the lifeguard says, “and don’t stop until you’re at the top of a hill!”

The walk to Broadway takes three minutes. At this point the beachgoers are faced with a life-or-death decision. A crowd has formed at the doors to the Wyndham resort, an eight-story beachside hotel-and-condo complex. People are shouting and pushing their way through the doors, calling out for family members.

Hard data has never been more valuable to these people. “Is it tall enough?” one person wonders aloud. “Will it stand?” another asks. The Wyndham’s windows are all shat­tered, but otherwise it looks structurally sound. It’s a long half-mile trek to high ground, with two bridges to cross. Rumors ricochet around the crowd: The bridge is down! No, it’s standing! Both pieces of information are true. There are seven critical bridges in Seaside. Some have survived the earthquake, some haven’t. The manager of the Wyndham appeals for calm. He’s old enough to recall the Who concert, Cincinnati, 1980, the killing crush of crowds and doors. He makes an appeal: Those who can walk should walk—Wyndham staff are already leading guests to high ground.

“How far is it?” someone asks. “Half a mile,” the manager says. “Oh, Lord, I’d never make it,” says an elderly woman in a pink T-shirt. “I can’t walk that far.”

For the beachgoers, two precious minutes are wasted mulling over the best strategy. A general cul­ling takes place. The firm and the fleet decide to keep walking. The ­elderly, the broken-down, the obese, the calculating, and the stubborn file into the Wyndham. ­Nobody has told them that the city­wide power ­outage has knocked the ele­vators out of commission. The crowd slowly trudges up eight flights of stairs. Strong men and women, strangers, band ­together in teams to carry the ­elderly and disabled up to the roof.

11. In Japanese coastal towns, that’s exactly what happened in March. A tsunami alarm a few months earlier had sent locals scurrying for high ground. The water came in like a lamb, less than a meter high.

A parade of stunned hu­man­ity files up ­Broad­way. Beach­goers who came away without their shoes now find the sidewalks littered with broken glass. They wrap their feet in T-shirts until they reach the Old Crab gift shop. There, one guy starts dumping armloads of flip-flops onto the sidewalk. “If your feet are bleeding, I have sandals!” he yells. “Please keep moving!”

Earthquake debris has made driving impossible. Still, some people try. They honk their horns and attempt to maneuver through the crowds. Eventually they abandon their cars and walk.

MINUTE 8:00

The first wave is about 25 miles offshore. It slows as it reaches shallower depths but loses little of its power. The water along the coast begins to recede.

In the major fishing harbors, a panicked exodus is under way. During the quake, boat owners recalled that tsunamis pass peacefully under vessels on the open ocean. They also remembered images of con­tainer ships perched atop four-story buildings in Sendai. Now they’re motoring all-out for open water. In Westport, Washington, a charter-fishing port directly south of Ocean Shores, dozens of vessels parade out of Grays Harbor. Fifty miles south, in ­Astoria, commercial fishing trawlers try to outrace the tsunami by heading up the ­Columbia River. They aren’t aware that a dam upriver has been damaged by the quake and is in ­imminent danger of breach.

In subduction-zone quakenamis like the one that hit Sumatra in 2004, tourists are ­often the most clueless about what to do. In Sea­side, Broadway has become a parade of hurting-but-helping humanity, all heading east. Except … there’s one solitary figure weav­ing his way west. Toward the ocean. He’s kind of a dirtbag. No shirt, just an old swim­suit and huaraches, rock­­ing the white-dude dreads. Under his arm is a surfboard.

One of the retreating lifeguards spots him. “Dude!” he calls out. “Don’t do it!”

The surfer waves to the lifeguard and continues walking. Three days later they’ll find pieces of his board. His body will never be found.12

12. Crazy as it seems, he won’t be the only one on the beach. With every tsunami warning, there’s always a small contingent of mixed nuts who drift down to watch the action and form a flash mob of Darwin Award nominees. At any rate, it’s physically impossible to surf a tsunami. Often called tidal waves, they aren’t “waves” at all. There is no face, no pipe, no curl. A tsunami is more like a storm surge. Common waves are created by wind energy. Tsunamis are created by the massive displacement of water, and terrifying Japanese woodblock prints notwithstanding, they don’t break like wind waves. They come ashore more like enormous high tides, with a low, inches-high leading edge backed by a steadily rising onrush of water. A 40-foot-high tsunami does not come ashore as a 40-foot-high wave. It steadily builds to that height with each successive pulse.

MINUTE 13:00

In Ocean Shores, which is built on a ­sandspit six miles long and three miles wide, high ground is miles away. Most locals have jumped into their cars, making their way slowly north on Point Brown Avenue. Lique­faction has chop­ped up the road, though. Only four-wheel-drive trucks and SUVs can get past the sloppy sand breaks. A few good Samaritans encourage others to hop in the backs of their flatbeds. Others blow past.

In Cannon Beach, a power outage prevents town officials from broadcasting a tsunami warning. A city planner runs down to Haystack Rock, the town’s iconic landmark, with a whistle. He blows it wildly and yells at two dozen out-of-towners, who seem mesmerized by the receding tide and the bare seafloor. A few listen and follow him to the ­Ecola Creek bridge. But it has collapsed, creat­ing a pinch point. For years the town had discussed the possibility of retro­­­fitting the bridge. City officials wanted to build a new $3 million structure strong enough to withstand a tsunami, but nobody could ever come up with the funds.13

MINUTE 17:00

The crowds in Seaside continue up Broadway, crossing Highway 101, filing past the Chamber of Commerce and Broadway School. ­Finally, at Wahanna Road, a half-mile from the beach, the road begins to climb. At a look­out point, somebody passes a pair of binoculars around. The tide has gone out. And then suddenly it rushes back in.

At Oregon State University’s O.H. Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory, one of the world’s leading tsunami-research centers, wave hydro­­­logists have run sophisticated ­simu­lations of a CSZ-generated tsunami hitting Seaside, Cannon Beach, and other coastal towns. The findings do not suggest sticking around. “A lot depends on wave speed,” says Solomon Yim, director of the lab. “We found that in some blocks of densely packed houses, the first line of houses took the brunt and the second line was shielded.” The specifics of the tests haven’t been released to the public for fear of causing an upheaval in the local real estate market. “If your building was one that did not survive the simulated tsunami,” says Yim, “it would be … not so good for the resale value, you see.”

MINUTE 18:00

The leading edge of the tsunami hits the beach at Seaside. From the roof of the ­Wyndham, hundreds of people watch and record the ­water crashing ashore and flowing up Broadway. It comes in like a tide moving at flash-flood speed. Just a trickle at first, but within seconds it’s knee-high and then lapping at windows.

By the time it neared shore, the pulse of ­water had slowed to about 30 miles per hour. On dry land, it moves inland at a speed of 11 mph. To outpace the tsunami, you’d have to run at least a 5:30 mile.

The Wyndham and its neighbor, the five-story Shilo Inn, act like a nozzle. The water, black and powerful, jets through the opening between them: Broadway. Stragglers try to run, but the flow sweeps their feet from ­under them. Some hold on to lampposts. The ­water pushes wood, metal, and glass into them. The surge is strong enough to bend two-inch metal pipes.

13. “They’re debating about whether they should build a $7 million bridge,” Corcoran says. “You don’t need a $7 million bridge high enough and strong enough to withstand the quake and the tsunami! You need a $1 million bridge strong enough to survive the earthquake, so people can cross it to escape the tsunami. However it’s built, it’s not going to survive the tsunami."

One- and two-story buildings groan. The water is reaching their rooflines and twisting their foundations. Some begin to lift and float up Broadway.

“Seals!” someone shouts. True. There are seals swimming up Broadway alongside the bob­­bing SUVs. The 75-year-old Seaside Aquar­­ium, a several-story wooden building, did not survive the initial earthquake. Two of its harbor seals were crushed by falling debris. Two others were killed by the onrushing ­tsu­nami. The survivors now swim around the drowned town, con­fused by the water’s darkness, its oily taste and smell.

The water keeps rising. It has overtaken the third floor of the Shilo Inn.

MINUTE 19:00

In Cannon Beach, the tsunami swallows up half of Haystack Rock and rushes up to the steps of City Hall. In Ocean Shores, anybody who hasn’t gotten out yet won’t. A few holdouts take refuge in another Shilo Inn,14 at four stories the tallest building in town. It’s not tall enough, as its staff have warned those who stay behind. The ocean has now entirely overtaken Ocean Shores.

In Seaside, the crowd atop the Wyndham watches in horror as the water overtops the Shilo Inn across the street. People on roof­­tops leap into the water and attempt to swim to the Wyndham. But tsunami ­water is thick with sediment, wood, metal, and glass. It’s dif­ficult to move in. Gas fumes from broken lines make it hard to breathe. Many who try to swim drown. Those who cling to floating objects have a better chance of survival.

MINUTE 21:00

People in Seattle and Portland—those who have power and whose cellular networks are still functioning—watch live footage of the tsu­nami on their smartphones, shot by news helicopters. They wonder if it will hit the cities.

It probably won’t. To reach Portland, the tsunami would have to muscle its way up 75 miles of the Columbia River and hang a hard right at the Willamette River. Seattle is similarly protected by the topography of Puget Sound. The tsunami will likely slosh up the sides of the Strait of Juan de Fuca and ­expend its residual energy on the western shore of rural, sparsely populated Whidbey Island.

14. I’m not picking on the Shilo Inn company, which has 40 convenient locations in 10 western states. They just happen to site some of their hotels on prime oceanfront property. Those beachside resorts are big enough to lure panicked tsunami evacuees but often not tall enough to provide refuge from the flood. Guests would be evacuated.

There could be a strange mini-tsunami effect in Puget Sound, however. Hydrologists call it a seiche. It’s like what happens when you kick a dog’s water bowl. The water sloshes back and forth in slowly diminishing waves. A handful of people who wander down to shore to watch the arrival of the tsunami will get sucked into the sound.

MINUTE 60:00

Secondary tsunami pulses batter the coast. They’ll continue for eight to ten hours.

Survivors in Ocean Shores, Seaside, and Can­non Beach won’t get their towns back for days or weeks. Over the next month, more than 2,000 aftershocks will hit. Eighty-three of those will be big enough to be felt. Five will be above magnitude 7.0.

The Northwest coastline’s elevation has drop­ped three to five feet. Normal high tides will now be flooding houses, hotels, and streets twice a day. In Ocean Shores, the situation is especially dire. Prior to the mega­quake, the highest point on the sandbar pen­insula was 14 feet in elevation. Now it’s nine. The lobby of the Shilo Inn, now a wrecked shell, is lower than sea level.

Among disaster-relief experts, the ­calam­ities of the past decade have forced the realization of a truism: first responders are victims; victims are first responders. In other words, firefighters, police, military, and medi­­­cal workers are among those killed and injured in the disaster. And civilian victims (the able-bodied, at least) become de facto first responders.

President Obama makes unsuccessful ­attempts to reach Oregon governor John Kitz­haber and Washington governor Christine Gregoire. A massive surge of traffic has crashed the Verizon, AT&T, and T-Mobile networks across the Northwest. But, having witnessed FEMA’s dismal performance after Hurricane Katrina and during the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, nobody is counting on the federal cavalry to come to the rescue. The Red Cross and other groups show up within hours. But in the year 2012, most disaster recovery is DIY.

That’s especially true along the coast, where each town has been islandized. Highway 101 has been snipped into a hundred pieces. Nearly all bridges are down. State, county, and town officials quickly set up staging areas, but there’s very little top-down coordination. Food, shelter, medical care, and fuel are the immediate priorities. Hospitals are overwhelmed. Local social networks come into play. In Seaside and Cannon Beach, city officials work with fishermen and hunters, who have boats and ATVs. Air National Guard helicopters ferry the injured from coastal towns to hospitals in Richland, Washington; Bend, Oregon; and Salt Lake City.

The Newport, Oregon, Walmart becomes one of the coast’s critical staging points for both food and material. As they did ­during Hurricane Katrina, Walmart executives in Benton­ville, Arkansas, get word to their store managers: Do whatever it takes to help your communities. Autonomy is yours. The company’s distribution network begins moving food, medicine, and building supplies to Oak­land and Long Beach, California, where they will be loaded onto chartered container ships and sent to Newport. From there, a mos­quito fleet of private boats moves the goods the final miles to affected communities. Other stores—Safeway, Home Depot, and Costco—follow Walmart’s lead. The U.S. Navy stations a floating fuel dock in Newport to keep the flotilla moving.

EPILOGUE

Six months after the megaquake and tsunami, the official death toll stands at 7,241. More than 3,200 were killed in or around Seattle, Portland, and Vancouver. Many died when older houses collapsed. Others were killed by falling objects or died in fires. A num­ber succumbed to heart attacks, and 679 were killed by the tsunami.

That’s far fewer than the tens of thousands who died in the Japanese tsunami of 2011. The difference isn’t attributable to better ­plan­ning, stronger buildings, or quicker evac­­u­ations. It’s simply a function of population. Millions of people live on the coast of Japan, whereas the Washington and Oregon coasts are barely inhabited. There are no nuclear power plants along the coast of either state.

State and federal officials wrestle with the question of rebuilding Ocean Shores. In the end, the town is abandoned to the sea. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Admini­stration partners with the Environmental Pro­tection Agency to remove hundreds of fuel-oil tanks and other hazardous material to prevent leaching into the ocean.

By its one-year anniversary, the event has become known as the Great Cascadia Earthquake. It was the most powerful earth­­quake known to have hit the continental ­United States, and one of the three most powerful earth­quakes since modern record-keeping began. It triggered tsunami surges of up to 51 feet in Ocean Shores, Seaside, Cannon Beach, Newport, and other coastal towns and traveled up to six miles inland. In addition to the deaths, FEMA confirmed 27,567 injured and 135 people missing across 37 counties, as well as more than 42,500 buildings damaged or destroyed. One dam on the Columbia River came close to collapse. Around 3.5 million households in the Pacific Northwest were left without electricity, and one million with­out water. Estimates placed insured losses from the earthquake alone at $5.5 billion to $14.6 billion. The overall cost could exceed $30 billion, making it one of the most expensive natural disasters in American history.

The earthquake moved North America 57 feet west and shifted the earth on its axis by esti­mates of between 8 and 20 inches.

The Great Cascadia Earthquake also left a number of people jobless, including Patrick Corco­ran. That didn’t last long, though. Within six months, he is running FEMA’s state­­wide recovery effort. People on the coast recognize him now and then from his ­tsu­nami-preparedness work before the ­disaster. And they thank him.

“All those years,” he’d tell people, “I kind of felt like the boy who cried wolf. But what people don’t remember is how the story turned out. In the end, there really was a wolf.”

 

 

http/www.outsideonline.com/outdoor-adventure/nature/Totally-Psyched-for-the-Full-Rip-Nine.html?page=all

 

 

 

Major exercises scheduled on November 9, 2011 - The day of close approach of asteroid 2005 YU55

Posted by fussylips on November 1, 2011 at 7:05 AM Comments comments (2)


By chillymanjaro – October 24, 2011

Two major hazard excercise are scheduled for November 9 2011 and also close approach of asterois 2005 YU55. Testing of  Emergency Alert System (EAS) and PACWAVE11, a multi-scenario exercise that will allow PTWS countries to exercise using a destructive local or regional tsunami scenario  are to be held on the date.

Nationwide Emergency Alert System (EAS) Test

FEMA, in coordination with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), will conduct the first nationwide Emergency Alert System (EAS) Test on November 9, at 2:00 p.m. Eastern.The nationwide EAS Test will be conducted jointly by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) National Weather Service (NWS).

FEMA will test  the readiness and effectiveness of the EAS. EAS Participants provide a critical public service to the nation as the resilient backbone of alert and warning when all other means of communication are unavailable. That includes all broadcasters, satellite and digital radio and television, cable television and wireline video providers who ensure the system is at a constant state of readiness.

The alert and warning landscape is in an important state of transition; from the current system of radio, television, cable, satellite, and wireline broadcast media-based alerting to a future system that integrates new technologies for a more universal access to alert and warning messages. Future testing of the EAS will assess the effectiveness and reliability of other technologies to achieve the ultimate goal of timely alert and warning to American public in the preservation of life and property.


 

The national-level EAS leverages the communications support of all participating analog and digital radio, television, cable, satellite, and wireline providers (also known as EAS Participants) through specialized EAS equipment. A single, live-code alert, called the Emergency Action Notification, (EAN) is sent simultaneously to Primary Entry Point (PEP) stations across the country. PEP stations are designated to relay national alerts to the public and other stations in their coverage area. Local Primary (LP-1) EAS Participants monitor the PEP stations and other sources for an EAS message. Other EAS Participating stations also monitor at least two sources (in most cases the PEP and LP-1 stations) to receive the EAS message, and broadcast the message to the public in their area.

During the test, listeners will hear a message indicating that “This is a test.” The text at the top of the television screen may indicate that an “Emergency Action Notification has been issued.” This notification is used to disseminate a national alert and in this case, the test. In addition, the background image that appears on video screens during an alert may indicate that “This is a test,” but in some instances there might not be an image at all.

 

FEMA stated that they choose this particular date because it is near the end of hurricane season and before the severe winter weather season. The 2 p.m. Eastern broadcast time will minimize disruption during rush hours, while ensuring that the test can occur during normal business hours across several time zones. (FEMA)

Community Medical ExcerciseMedical Reserve Corps issued a call for volunteers needed for community medical excercise which is to be held on November 9. Hospital personnel and various first responder agencies from the MidSouth region will participate in a community medical exercise. This exercise will provide practical training experience to prepare for medical response during a large scale event. On Wednesday November 9th, hospital personnel will work with volunteer patients playing the role of injured victims to provide a realistic and practical experience in treatment and response. Volunteers must be at least 18 years of age and preregistration is required. In order to participate in this drill you must be a member of the Medical Reserve Corps.

 


MILCOM 2011

November 7 -10  is scheduled for MILCOM 2011 / IEEE Military Communications Conference. The unclassified technical program provides a venue for technical papers that do not contain ITAR-sensitive, classified or proprietary information.

 

Unclassified technical program  includes Waveforms and Signal Processing, Network Protocols and Performance, Cyber Security and Network Operations, Middleware Services and Applications, Communications and Network Systems and Department of Defense Programs.Classified technical program includes Track: Satellite Communications, Tactical Applications and Framework, Tutorial: Enhanced Polar System Overview, Radio Technology, Analysis and Capabilities, Security Challenges and Solutions, Command and Control for Cyberspace, Electronic Warfare/ Communication System Compatibilities, Communication System Susceptibilities and Jamming, Network Security and IA Testing and RF.

Excercise Pacific Wave 11

PacWave11 will be held on 9-10 November 2011 as a multi-scenario exercise that will allow PTWS countries to exercise using a destructive local or regional tsunami scenario.  PacWave 11 will also be used to introduce new tsunami advisory products of the PTWC.  IOC Circular Letter 2390 was issued on 13 May 2011 announcing the exercise and requesting PTWS Countries to nominate a PacWave11 focal point.  IOC Manual and Guides 58 on How to Plan, Conduct, and Evaluate Tsunami Exercises was issued in July 2011.  The PacWave11 Exercise Manual (IOC TS 97) was published in August 2011.

In August 2010, the PTWS Steering Committee (SC) met to discuss the progress of the PTWS during the intersessional period, including the next PTWS exercise. Considering the general objectives of PACWAVE08, the SC approved the PACWAVE Summary Report and requested Working Groups 2 and 3 (Tsunami Detection, Warning and Dissemination; Tsunami Awareness and Response) to cooperate in the preparation of an end-to-end communication exercise PACWAVE11 in November 2011. The actual evacuation of local communities (or parts of it) will be left to the decision of local or national authorities. A Task Team is to be formed and elaborate on detailed scenarios. PACWAVE11 will be conducted as a multi-scenario exercise to permit all countries to better participate. (ITIC/IOC)

The 10 scenarios available will be:

Kamchatka (Kuril-Kamchatka Trench)Ryukyu Islands (Nansei-Shoto Trench)Philippines – South China Sea (Manila Trench)Philippines – Pacific Ocean (Philippines Trench)Vanuatu (New Hebrides Trench)Tonga (Tonga Trench)Northern Chile (Peru-Chile Trench)Ecuador (Colombia – Ecuador Trench)Central America (Middle America Trench)Aleutian Islands (Aleutian Trench)Tsunami Travel Time Maps for Exercise Pacific Wave 11 scenariosTravel times are calculated using a point source corresponding to the earthquake epicenter. The software (TTT SDK, Geoware) is used by the NOAA Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, and is available to tsunami warning centers and responsible national tsunami agencies from ITIC/NGDC.

 




2005 YU55 close approach

On 29 April, NASA announced on their website that a massive asteroid will moving very close to earth. It will closer than the moon which orbits 238,857 miles away on average.

This giant asteroid called YU55 founded by Robert McMillan, head of the Nasa-funded Spacewatch Program at the University of Arizona, Tucson since December 2005. It orbits the sun once every 14 year but it is not close to the earth for at least a decade.

Asteroids come within the moon’s distance every so often, but 2005 YU55 is the biggest known asteroid to do so for about the next 17 years. Officially, the asteroid poses no immediate threat to Earth. Its orbit is well known to astronomers – so well known that we can rule out an impact for at least the next century.

According to NASA’s Near Earth Object Program:

Although classified as a potentially hazardous object, 2005 YU55 poses no threat of an Earth collision over at least the next 100 years. However, this will be the closest approach to date by an object this large that we know about in advance and an event of this type will not happen again until 2028 when asteroid (153814) 2001 WN5 will pass to within 0.6 lunar distances.

 

 

The animation below, from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, shows this asteroid’s sweep past Earth on November 8 and 9.

 


While this is the largest asteroid (that we know of) to swing past us for the next 17 years or so, YU55 is not an immediate threat to Earth. Its orbit does bring it close enough to our planet that it’s been deemed a potentially hazardous asteroid, but the orbit is well-enough known that we can rule out an impact for at least the next century.

You can see the Earth at the center (the diagonal line if the Earth’s orbit around the Sun), the Moon orbiting the Earth, and the path of YU55. The scale on the bottom is a million kilometers, about 620,000 miles. The Moon’s orbit is roughly 770,000 km (475,000 miles) wide. The path of YU55 cuts a shallow chord across the Moon’s orbit, well away from our planet.

 

Still, there’s a chance for some real science on this rock. At that distance, it’ll appear so small (1/4 arcseconds across, where the Moon is 1800 arcsec across for comparison) that it’ll be too small even for Hubble to make much of it — at best, in Hubble’s cameras it will appear to be just two pixels across. And that’s even if Hubble could track it, which it can’t.

But the Deep Space Network of radio telescopes can actually get very high resolution imagery using sophisticated techniques, possibly getting images with a resolution of just 4 meters — the size of an SUV — on the asteroid. That means YU55 will be 100 pixels across, enough to see some details on the surface, including craters, boulders, and even possibly a moon if it has one. (BadAstronomy)

 

The risk of asteroid impact causing tsunamiIf an asteroid of size 200 meters hit the ocean (which covers 70% of the Earth), the tsunami would create inflict of catastrophic destruction of coastal cities and substantial worldwide human casualties along coastlines. If an asteroid of size 1 kilometer hit Earth, it would cause a dust cloud which would block out sunlight for at least a year and lead to a deep worldwide winter, exhausting food supplies. The latter is what caused the dinosaur extinction, as well as other major extinctions of smaller creatures in geologic time scales. The 200 meter asteroid hits, which are far more common than the 1 km+ hits, wouldn’t show up much in geologic histories on a global scale.

The statistics on the chances of a near Earth object hitting Earth are vague and subject to change, particularly as regards smaller, Tsunami-sized hits. In the general press, too much emphasis is put on the big, 1 km size asteroids like the one that killed off the dinosaurs, which are unlikely to hit Earth for hundreds of thousands of years. Too little coverage is given on the small asteroids which could cause terrible local destruction but little worldwide impact, and which probably hit once per hundred years. We have good statistical numbers on the big asteroids of 1 km and up, but very little information on the smaller 100 meter asteroids which we still would be lucky to see, and we can’t really say how prevalent such small fragments are relative to the big asteroid chunks. Our best telescopes can hardly see the 100 meter asteroids because they’re so small, hence the vague statistics.

Image from a 3-D calculation of an asteroid impact model in 2002, in which the jet from the transient crater is collapsing and producing a wave of a couple kilometers initial amplitude.

There is uncertainty about the diameter of many asteroids when they are initially discovered. These objects are generally so small and so far away that their diameter has to be inferred from their absolute magnitude. Brightness, in turn, depends on the object’s albedo (amount of light reflected from the surface). An object of magnitude 23 might have a diameter between 65m and 108m. Furthermore, with limited observations, the absolute  magnitude may vary by +/-0.5 therefore the estimated diameter can range from 50m to 190m.

Iron asteroids are more likely to reach the ground intact. They comprise perhaps 5% of the smaller asteroids and are disregarded in this analysis.

 

500m diameter asteroid impacting 5km deep ocean. From Crawford & Mader 1998.


Although, for a given location on the Earth’s surface, the risk of a “direct” hit from an asteroid is slight,  researchers realized that an ocean impact had the potential to be much more destructive due to the effects of tsunami. An airburst explosion is a three dimensional event and energy decreases according to the square of the distance but a radiating ocean wave is a two-dimensional phenomenon and, in theory, energy decreases in proportion to distance. Since the early 1990s some advanced computer simulations have been conducted to estimate the effects of  asteroid impacts above deep oceans.

For an impact to produce a coherently propagating wave,  the “cavity” must be 3 to 5 times broader than the depth of the ocean. Using a rule-of-thumb (derived from simulations) that the cavity diameter is 20 times the asteroid diameter then, for a typical ocean depth of 4km, the impactor must be at least 1 km in diameter to produce a coherent wave. On this basis, for asteroids smaller than about 1km, the wave will dissipate considerably as it travels over thousands of kilometres of ocean.In the case of asteroids 200m and larger there is likely to be an impact into the ocean. For objects under this diameter there is a reduction in the size of the deepwater wave due to energy dissipation in the atmosphere. Speed, trajectory, density and strength of the object can affect the nature of the explosion. There does not appear to be an empirical formula available to deal with these smaller objects and it is possible that the smaller asteroids produce no appreciable waves. On the other hand, in the case of serious tsunami generated by earthquakes the energy involved is estimated to be equivalent to about 2 Megatons of TNT (Yabushita 1998). The impact by a 100m asteroid typically involves kinetic energy of about 75Mt so it would only involve the conversion of about 3% of this energy to wave energy in order to produce a serious tsunami – albeit, the tsunami could quickly dissipate, compared with an earthquake generated tsunami.

 

Asteroid impacts have the potential to create the largest MEGAtsunamis.

The radius derived for a 50m asteroid  is about the same as the radius of direct devastation for the Tunguska event. Impacts by asteroids 2km and larger exceed the global catastrophe threshold and are disregarded for the purpose of analysing tsunami effects.

Estimated deepwater wave height (above sea level) at a point 100km from asteroid impact (based on extrapolation of  Crawford & Mader):

 


This tentative analysis suggests that the risk to a low-lying coastal area from tsunami generated by asteroids is significantly greater than the risk from a “direct” impact by such objects. The average interval between such tsunami events is estimated to range from about 190,000 years for a location with a run-up factor of 40 to about  3 million years for a location with a run-up factor of 5. These compare with an average interval of 14 million years for a “direct hit”.

In some circumstances an ocean impact might even be less hazardous to mankind than a land impact because less debris will be thrown into the atmosphere and indirect effects might be reduced.

 



The dramatic picture by Don Davis is a little misleading. When an asteroid hits the ocean at 70 000km/h there is a gigantic explosion. The asteroid and water vaporize and leave a huge crater - typically 20 times the diameter of the asteroid (that is, a 100m asteroid will create a 2 kilometre diameter crater). The water rushes back in, overshoots to create a mountain of water at the middle and this spreads out as a massive wave - a tsunami. The centre of the "crater" oscillates up and down several times and a series of waves radiate out.

The risk from asteroid tsunami has been substantially overstated – particularly in popular books about asteroid impacts with Earth. For typical coastal regions the risk of dying from an asteroid-generated tsunami is probably no greater than that of dying from the indirect effects of a large asteroid striking the Earth.

For some coastal regions with unusual vulnerability to tsunami the risk of dying from asteroid-generated tsunami may be several times greater than that of dying from other asteroid-related causes. For these highly vulnerable areas the typical interval between asteroid tsunami events is likely to be about 200,000 years – assuming that impacts are randomly distributed in time. (AustralianSpaceGuardSurvey)

 

http://www.purdue.edu/IMPACTEARTH

article source:

http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2011/10/24/major-excercises-scheduled-on-november-9-the-day-of-close-approach-of-asteroid-2005-yu55/


 

 

NEO Earth Close Approach JPL source: http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov/ca/

Posted by fussylips on September 27, 2011 at 4:40 AM Comments comments (0)

NEO Earth Close Approaches

NEO EARTH CLOSE APPROACH TABLES

Close-Approach Tables

Custom tables (updated daily) showing future and past NEO close-approach data, including uncertainties, are available at the link above. More information about the uncertainties used in these tables is available.

Also, a list of historic comet close approaches prior to 2006 is available here.

RECENT CLOSE APPROACHES TO EARTH
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers
1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers

Object
Name
Close
Approach
Date
Miss
Distance
(AU)
Miss
Distance
(LD)
Estimated
Diameter*
H
(mag)
Relative
Velocity
(km/s)
(2011 SQ32)  2011-Sep-20 0.0192 7.5 27 m - 60 m 25.0 8.12
(2009 UR5)  2011-Sep-20 0.0842 32.8 19 m - 43 m 25.7 9.42
(2011 SQ25)  2011-Sep-20 0.0990 38.5 52 m - 120 m 23.5 3.75
(2011 SK68)  2011-Sep-21 0.0149 5.8 7.9 m - 18 m 27.6 7.89
(2011 SA25)  2011-Sep-21 0.1904 74.1 54 m - 120 m 23.5 12.82
(2007 TD)  2011-Sep-22 0.0160 6.2 36 m - 79 m 24.4 12.11
(2011 SK16)  2011-Sep-24 0.0468 18.2 56 m - 120 m 23.4 4.81
(2011 SC16)  2011-Sep-25 0.0460 17.9 8.6 m - 19 m 27.4 4.37
(2011 SR5)  2011-Sep-25 0.0573 22.3 170 m - 380 m 21.0 24.84
(2000 SP43)  2011-Sep-26 0.1392 54.2 540 m - 1.2 km 18.4 10.67

* Diameter estimates based on the object's absolute magnitude.

UPCOMING CLOSE APPROACHES TO EARTH
1 AU = ~150 million kilometers
1 LD = Lunar Distance = ~384,000 kilometers

Object
Name
Close
Approach
Date
Miss
Distance
(AU)
Miss
Distance
(LD)
Estimated
Diameter*
H
(mag)
Relative
Velocity
(km/s)
(2011 SE58)  2011-Sep-27 0.0016 0.6 7.9 m - 18 m 27.6 15.85
(2011 SR25)  2011-Sep-27 0.1922 74.8 170 m - 390 m 20.9 15.24
(2009 SH2)  2011-Sep-28 0.0770 30.0 28 m - 62 m 24.9 5.79
(2011 ST12)  2011-Sep-29 0.0271 10.5 16 m - 35 m 26.1 6.58
(2011 SQ5)  2011-Sep-29 0.0377 14.7 13 m - 30 m 26.5 6.26
(2011 SO5)  2011-Sep-29 0.0143 5.6 21 m - 47 m 25.5 12.07
(2011 SN25)  2011-Sep-30 0.0339 13.2 14 m - 31 m 26.4 9.12
(2009 HV2)  2011-Oct-01 0.0825 32.1 150 m - 330 m 21.3 14.64
(2009 DO111)  2011-Oct-01 0.0787 30.6 71 m - 160 m 22.9 6.79
(2011 FS2)  2011-Oct-01 0.1937 75.4 16 m - 35 m 26.2 7.22
(2011 SF25)  2011-Oct-01 0.1444 56.2 160 m - 370 m 21.1 10.46
(2011 SF3)  2011-Oct-01 0.1313 51.1 200 m - 440 m 20.6 8.69
247517 (2002 QY6)  2011-Oct-03 0.1276 49.7 330 m - 740 m 19.5 22.68
(2011 HC36)  2011-Oct-04 0.0982 38.2 180 m - 410 m 20.8 12.70
(2011 SC25)  2011-Oct-04 0.0964 37.5 30 m - 67 m 24.7 8.73
(2011 QE38)  2011-Oct-05 0.0607 23.6 92 m - 200 m 22.3 8.02
(2004 SW26)  2011-Oct-06 0.1253 48.8 20 m - 44 m 25.7 12.55
(2005 TQ45)  2011-Oct-07 0.0915 35.6 21 m - 46 m 25.6 13.65
85770 (1998 UP1)  2011-Oct-07 0.1997 77.7 220 m - 500 m 20.4 16.98
(1993 DA)  2011-Oct-08 0.1956 76.1 14 m - 31 m 26.4 7.25
(2000 AB6)  2011-Oct-09 0.0719 28.0 100 m - 230 m 22.1 9.31
163081 (2002 AG29)  2011-Oct-09 0.1981 77.1 610 m - 1.4 km 18.2 7.28
(2010 CC55)  2011-Oct-09 0.1822 70.9 88 m - 200 m 22.4 16.19
(1998 SD9)  2011-Oct-09 0.0725 28.2 41 m - 91 m 24.1 12.62
(2005 SL)  2011-Oct-10 0.0659 25.6 71 m - 160 m 22.9 10.20
(2004 JO20)  2011-Oct-11 0.1590 61.9 16 m - 35 m 26.1 15.04
(2011 SE97)  2011-Oct-12 0.0202 7.9 32 m - 71 m 24.6 14.18
(2011 SE16)  2011-Oct-12 0.0788 30.7 31 m - 69 m 24.7 4.38
(2011 SS25)  2011-Oct-12 0.1799 70.0 780 m - 1.7 km 17.7 32.09
(2010 GM65)  2011-Oct-12 0.0376 14.6 87 m - 190 m 22.4 20.85
138524 (2000 OJ8)  2011-Oct-13 0.1280 49.8 1.5 km - 3.3 km 16.3 10.36
(2011 SQ12)  2011-Oct-14 0.0975 38.0 190 m - 430 m 20.7 8.99
(1990 UA)  2011-Oct-15 0.0845 32.9 400 m 19.6 16.64
(2009 TM8)  2011-Oct-17 0.0023 0.9 5.1 m - 11 m 28.6 8.18
(2007 SV1)  2011-Oct-17 0.1772 68.9 31 m - 68 m 24.7 13.28
(2009 UC)  2011-Oct-18 0.0571 22.2 13 m - 29 m 26.6 12.96
(1998 SC15)  2011-Oct-18 0.1215 47.3 370 m - 820 m 19.3 16.79
(2011 SO32)  2011-Oct-20 0.0849 33.1 210 m - 480 m 20.5 13.18
(2001 UP)  2011-Oct-21 0.1149 44.7 20 m - 44 m 25.7 11.55
(2011 SJ16)  2011-Oct-21 0.1235 48.1 460 m - 1.0 km 18.8 24.96
(2011 SM68)  2011-Oct-22 0.0932 36.3 330 m - 740 m 19.5 20.47
(2003 FH)  2011-Oct-24 0.0653 25.4 450 m - 1.0 km 18.9 22.79
(2011 SP70)  2011-Oct-24 0.1418 55.2 77 m - 170 m 22.7 12.40
(2006 SP19)  2011-Oct-26 0.0906 35.3 33 m - 74 m 24.5 10.06
(1993 VD)  2011-Oct-26 0.0902 35.1 120 m - 280 m 21.7 19.58
(2011 QY39)  2011-Oct-27 0.0819 31.9 240 m - 550 m 20.2 9.89
(2005 CJ)  2011-Oct-27 0.0823 32.0 230 m - 520 m 20.3 9.88
(2011 LC19)  2011-Oct-29 0.0580 22.6 540 m - 1.2 km 18.5 14.54
(2010 VU98)  2011-Oct-31 0.0462 18.0 30 m - 68 m 24.7 10.22
(2009 VN1)  2011-Nov-06 0.1299 50.5 39 m - 88 m 24.2 13.61
(2011 FZ2)  2011-Nov-07 0.1950 75.9 980 m - 2.2 km 17.2 24.09
(2007 VF189)  2011-Nov-07 0.1217 47.4 5.7 m - 13 m 28.3 14.99
(2006 JY26)  2011-Nov-08 0.1208 47.0 5.7 m - 13 m 28.3 6.58
(2010 LM68)  2011-Nov-08 0.1861 72.4 180 m - 410 m 20.8 9.55
(2005 XB1)  2011-Nov-08 0.0742 28.9 120 m - 260 m 21.8 13.15
(2005 YU55)  2011-Nov-08 0.0022 0.8 110 m - 240 m 21.9 13.72
(2004 VB61)  2011-Nov-09 0.1866 72.6 100 m - 230 m 22.0 6.28
(2008 UX)  2011-Nov-10 0.1463 56.9 190 m - 430 m 20.7 18.71
(1992 JD)  2011-Nov-11 0.1129 43.9 26 m - 59 m 25.0 7.72
(2008 NA)  2011-Nov-12 0.1634 63.6 48 m - 110 m 23.7 12.08
138852 (2000 WN10)  2011-Nov-12 0.1318 51.3 270 m - 600 m 20.0 13.15
154275 (2002 SR41)  2011-Nov-13 0.1918 74.6 240 m - 540 m 20.2 11.64
10145 (1994 CK1)  2011-Nov-16 0.1767 68.8 920 m - 2.1 km 17.3 13.10
(2010 WG3)  2011-Nov-17 0.1162 45.2 84 m - 190 m 22.5 8.33
202683 (2006 US216)  2011-Nov-17 0.1958 76.2 290 m - 660 m 19.8 17.99
(2005 WS3)  2011-Nov-19 0.1216 47.3 160 m - 350 m 21.2 15.81
(2008 WL64)  2011-Nov-20 0.1634 63.6 500 m - 1.1 km 18.6 34.02
175706 (1996 FG3)  2011-Nov-23 0.1014 39.5 670 m - 1.5 km 18.0 8.13
(2011 SR69)  2011-Nov-26 0.1125 43.8 300 m - 670 m 19.7 6.89
(2010 RJ43)  2011-Nov-26 0.1930 75.1 59 m - 130 m 23.3 10.66
(2008 KT)  2011-Nov-27 0.0674 26.2 6.0 m - 14 m 28.2 4.97
(1994 XL1)  2011-Nov-28 0.1182 46.0 180 m - 400 m 20.8 16.36
289315 (2005 AN26)  2011-Nov-29 0.0918 35.7 550 m - 1.2 km 18.4 12.51
(2002 TZ66)  2011-Nov-30 0.1471 57.3 18 m - 39 m 25.9 4.30
(2004 JN1)  2011-Dec-01 0.1473 57.3 54 m - 120 m 23.5 8.96
(2006 WO3)  2011-Dec-01 0.1564 60.9 140 m - 300 m 21.5 13.38
(2011 KG4)  2011-Dec-03 0.0921 35.9 67 m - 150 m 23.0 12.52
(2003 XV)  2011-Dec-04 0.0262 10.2 12 m - 27 m 26.7 12.66
(2010 TK7)  2011-Dec-05 0.1991 77.5 200 m - 450 m 20.6 14.62
170502 (2003 WM7)  2011-Dec-09 0.1224 47.6 960 m - 2.1 km 17.2 28.54

* Diameter estimates based on the object's absolute magnitude.

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Global Depopulation 101: Killing Us Softly

Posted by fussylips on September 27, 2011 at 3:15 AM Comments comments (2)

from racerules.wordpress.com site:

Global Depopulation 101: Killing Us SoftlyJune 22, 2010

How are the elite killing you while you don’t know. Here are just a few ways.

1) BPA – This is a chemical used in plastics that leeches into whatever you are eating or drinking and causes all sorts of health problems including cancer. Del Monte is just one company that uses it of many so I emailed them about it. They basically tried to convince me that it’s safe (see previous blog entry). They use it to line the inside of the cans for their fruits and vegetables. Guess who approved its use before thoroughly testing it? The FDA as usual, just like did when they killed all those people with Vioxx. Even the non-stick coatings on your pans are toxic when heated. Don’t use them. Buy stainless steel only.

2) Chemtrails – These are sprayed by the military directly into the upper atmosphere. They are usually aluminum and/or barium sulfates. The government says they’re protecting us from radiation or that it’s weather modification. Either way no one has the right to play God, especially the psychopaths in power. The symptoms of exposure can cause anything from allergies to zombie-like behavior to death.

3) Prescription Drugs/Antidepressants – America has been dumbed-down literally with prescription drugs. I know so many white people who abuse pain medications. Their children usually end up doing the same. Antidepressants don’t work because it falsely assumes that everyone’s biochemisty will respond in the same manner to the same stimulus. Of course this is no mistake. It’s killing two birds with one stone because the elite destroy your ability to think and at the same time take your money.

4) Pseudo-foods/Food Chemicals/Pesticides/GMOs/Factory Farms/RBGH – See the Meatrix (http://themeatrix.com). Everything in the middle of the grocery stores is poison folks. Much of the outside is too if it’s not organic because the meats are packed with RBGH, a growth hormone injected into cows, pigs and poultry. My home state North Carolina is number two in the country in hog farms and they have been polluting the water for Smithfield (#1 pork product producer) for decades with hog waste. Now organic doesn’t even really mean 100% organic anymore because the FDA is up to its old standards lies again. You can’t even believe many of the labels anymore. Read about Codex Alimentarius and how it’s being used already in the European Union.

Buy locally grown produce only to avoid the pesticides or at least wash the fruits and vegetables. Monsanto doesn’t care if you die. They even have terminator seeds now that only grow one crop so that they control who grows food. Our topsoil is losing the ability to actually produce healthy foods so much in fact that we won’t even be able to eat enough to stay healthy. Vitamin supplements help some but are not the answer because the body needs nutrition in its natural form, not processed. GMOs (genetically modified foods) have been banned in Europe but the US is still munching away on death. Take nutrient deficient food and nuke it in the microwave and you’ve got almost no nutritive value left at all. Never eat microwave food. It’s toxic.

This is pure evil folks and it’s being done largely on purpose, not by negligence or incompetence. The government wants us to rely on them for everything so they can take it away at will.

5) Feminism – Ah yes this one always sends the females into an uproar, especially those who have read Betty Friedan’s load of crap “The Feminine Mystique”. Womens’ rights has nothing whatsoever to do with feminism. Feminism was a Jewish attempt (Gloria Steinem) to destroy the bedrock of society which is the family by forcing women into the work force by making them feel like losers as housewives. It worked and it’s still working. Now our gender roles that sustained us for centuries are gone or backwards. Now we have rampant single mother households and soaring divorce rates. Is that what the feminists wanted? no equality and a broken society? Now you can feel bad about having a career instead of feeling bad about being a housewife. You can’t fool evolution but it CAN make a fool of you!

6) Gay Agenda – Obama continues to push the gay agenda. Not only does this destroy even more families it also confuses children who are in sexually impressionable phases of life. The whole gays in the military issue is just to make gay people feel like they are the new oppressed minority which the Jewish media is more than willing to give more airtime. A study showed that the chemicals in our air, food and water are actually turning men into women slowly over time. One day there may be one gender only and reproduction would become privatized. Only the rich would be allowed to have children. The rest of us would basically be drones grown to work for subsistence wages.

Look at all the Hollywood filth and internet porn that kids have easy access to. Why are they doing this? Two women cannot produce a child. Two men cannot produce a child. Like I said it’s global depopulation 101. Jewish Zionists are parasites on the rest of humanity and parasites have no appreciation or use for gender. All they want to do is survive at the hosts’ expense. They also have a huge fascination with anything anal which you will see plenty of in the Jewish-dominated porn industry.

7) Privatization of Water Supply – Fluoride has been proven to dumb down a population. Hitler used it during WWII. It does not protect your teeth. That is a lie plain and simple from the American Dental Association. They got paid off to bury the damaging effects of it. Most fluoride comes from fertilizer plants as waste and is dumped into your drinking water. The stuff in your toothpaste isn’t nearly as bad but it still has a similar effect. Sodium fluoride is a toxin people. If you already consume a lot of fluoride like from drinking black tea the extra dosage can be fatal, especially in babies. You’ve been warned. Filter your water. Most bottled water is tap water so it still has fluoride in it by the way so that won’t save you plus the plastic chemicals leech into the water. See how it all works in their favor?

 8) AIDS Hoax – People can decide for themselves. There are some terrible diseases that can be sexually transmitted but AIDS isn’t one of them. You are tested for AIDS and when you get two false positives in a row then they put you on the cocktails which DOES actually kill you, not the virus which probably does not exist at all. The question is who is responsible for returning the false positives and who is engineering the drugs to kill people since there is no virus in the first place? A lot of black people think AIDS was engineered to kill blacks. If you want to call the treatment AIDS then they are correct.

9) Vaccines – After that last swine flu nonsense I think more Americans are becoming aware that most vaccine benefits do not outweigh the risks. Also they can be used to disable your immune system which means you will basically become a carrier of whatever they put in it and spread it to everyone you come into contact with including your loved ones. They can use booster shots to re-enable your immune system which kills you when your own immune system over-responds to the virus inside you from the first vaccination. Get it? Vaccinations are especially dangerous the babies, pregnant women and older people. They actually didn’t like about that.

10) HFCS High fructose corn syrup – Here is death in acronym. The number one killer in America is heart disease. Why? Everything has high fructose corn syrup in it. Don’t believe me? Go to your pantry right now and look at the ingredients in your bread, in your ketchup, in your mayonnaise, in your salad dressing. They use it because it’s cheaper than sugar and they don’t care about the bad side effect because only profits matter, not people. What HFCS actually does is this? Your brain does not know what to do with HFCS because it is unnatural. The human body’s response to this is to clog your veins just like you just spent a month eating McDonalds like the guy in Super Size Me. We all know too much sugar can make you fat but most people don’t know that HFCS clogs your veins which gives you heart disease and/or diabetes and then you die.

11) Artificial Sweeteners (not Stevia) – The elite didn’t sugar-coat this one. They just kill you outright with these. At least they tell you on the packaging that it may cause cancer in lab animals. I won’t even go down that animal cruelty trail but this is very bad stuff. Use unrefined sugar, stevia or nothing at all. An occasional soda never hurt anyone but avoiding them entirely is best. Other drinks like Gatorade, Powerade and Hawaiian Punch are just as bad and some say even worse. Aspartame has literally killed thousands (Yes Nutra-Sweet) and people are still drinking Diet Coke trying to lose a few pounds. What does that matter if you’re dead?

12) Lack of Universal Healthcare and Allopathic medicine – Now that they’ve made you sick they can make a buck off of you with the cure right? Wrong. They have no cure. The West practices allopathic medicine. That means if something goes wrong with one of your body parts then we basically cut it off. Homeopathic medicine, which the Chinese get credit for but actually originated in Africa and then Africans took it to China, is the so-called alternative medicine. It should actually be the only alternative. There is a cure for everything in nature folks……..everything, but corporations and Big Pharma cannot maximize profits with cures, only with diseases. How do you feel about your precious capitalism now? If you feel sick I hope it’s not from one of the aforementioned items.

If you think these facts are conspiracy theory then just go back to sleep and don’t do any research yourself. You might never wake up again, figuratively or literally.

 


full article:

http://racerules.wordpress.com/2010/06/22/global-depopulation-101-killing-us-softly/

The Dead Sea Scrolls Online

Posted by fussylips on September 27, 2011 at 2:55 AM Comments comments (0)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5rYj_0foJYA&feature=player_embedded

Uploaded by Google on Sep 23, 2011

The Dead Sea Scrolls are now online; a project of The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, powered by Google technology. 

 

Explore them at http://dss.collections.imj.org.il




Dead Sea Scrolls go online

Associated PressPublished: 09.26.11, 17:58 / Israel Culture

 

Two thousand years after they were written and decades after they were found in desert caves, some of the world-famous Dead Sea Scrolls are available online. 

Israel's national museum and the international web giant Google are behind the project, which put five scrolls online Monday. The scrolls include the biblical Book of Isaiah.

Google's technology allows surfers to search the scrolls for specific passages and translate them into English.

 The scrolls available online were purchased by Israeli researchers between 1947 and 1967. They were originally found by Bedouin shepherds in the Judean Desert.

 

 They are held at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

 Google is also working with Israel to make the first comprehensive and searchable database of the broader collection of scrolls.


 

http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4128115,00.html

 

 

10 Amazing Facts About Dreams

Posted by fussylips on September 19, 2011 at 5:50 AM Comments comments (0)

 

 

Dreaming is a phenomenon that is not well understood or easily explained. There are many theories as to why we dream and what our dreams mean, but it’s difficult to explore and interpret the realm of the subconscious. Despite the fact that dreams are difficult to study, scientists have managed to learn a great deal about these subconscious thoughts and desires. Here are 10 amazing facts about dreams that will truly blow your mind:

We Spend About Two Hours Dreaming Each Night

 

Although your dreams may feel like they last for hours and hours, we only actually spend about two hours dreaming each night. That means a person spends a total of about six years dreaming throughout their lifetime. There are four stages of the sleep cycle and the last stage, called REM sleep, is where almost all dreaming takes place. Each sleep cycle lasts about 60 to 90 minutes and will repeat throughout the night.

 

The Most Common Dreams Involve Falling, Being Chased, School, Cheating And Your Teeth Falling Out

 

Since we know that anxiety is the most common emotion experienced in dreams, it’s no surprise that the most common dreams have negative content that would cause anxiety. Dreaming of falling is very common and often correlates to something in your life that is going the wrong direction. Many people also dream of being chased, which has been tied to avoidance. Dreams about teeth falling out are frequently reported and have been connected to your words and communication. People also report reoccurring dreams of their spouse cheating on them, which often has more to do with being "cheated" out of quality time with your spouse than infidelity. Lastly, dreams of being in school are common for adults at any age, which has been linked to work and the pressures from your job.

 

Nearly 75% Of The Content In Dreams Is Negative

 

Most dreams won’t leave you happy and smiling. According to research, nearly 75% of dreams contain negative content. The emotions experienced in dreams vary from anger, joy, fear and happiness, but the most common emotion in dreams is anxiety. In addition, negative emotions are more common than positive ones.

 

Dreaming Helps Relieve Stress

 

Dreaming help us make sense of the information and events that happen in our lives. Dreams play an important role in processing and memorizing information that we absorb every day. These subconscious thoughts also help relieve stress and even solve problems. It’s very possible to work through real life problems while dreaming at nighttime. They also provide a great deal of important content and meaning that can be used to inspire and direct our lives in the daytime.

 

Nun's dream by Karl Briullov

 

 

Five To 10% Of Adults Have Monthly Nightmares

 

Nightmares are most common in children between the ages of three or four and seven or eight. Adults have fewer nightmares overall, but they do happen from time to time. According to the International Association for the Study of Dreams, about five to 10% of adults have nightmares once a month or more often. There are a number of reasons adults may experience nightmares, such as medications or withdrawal from drugs, as well as physical conditions like stress and illness. Others experience nightmares after a traumatic event that becomes a reoccurring theme. However, some adults have frequent nightmares that are unrelated to their daily lives, which may indicate that they are more creative, sensitive and emotional than the average person.

 

The Average Person Has About Three To Five Dreams Each Night

 

There’s no limit to the number of dreams you can have while sleeping, but the average person has about three to five dreams each night. Some people can have up to seven or more dreams in one night. On average, we spend about two hours dreaming during a full eight hours of sleep. Shorter dreams happen in the beginning of the sleep cycle and tend to last longer throughout the rest of the night.

„Nachtmahr“ (“Night-mare”;), Johann Heinrich Füssli (1802)

 

 

Everyone Dreams, But Not Everyone Recalls Their Dreams

 

It’s a fact that everyone dreams, but not everyone remembers their dreams. The most vivid dreams occur during Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep when the brain is very active and the eyes move back and forth rapidly beneath the eyelids. Dream recall varies from person to person, but some people have little or no recollection of the content of their dream. Since 90% of dreams are forgotten after the first 10 minutes of being awake, the dream content needs to be documented right away. Keep a pen and paper by your bedside and try to write down as much information as possible to find the meaning behind your dreams.

 

Blind People Do Not See Visual Images In Their Dreams, But Their Other Senses Are Heightened

 

Most blind people do not see images when they dream, but they do experience a heightened level of taste, touch and smell in their dreams. Whereas people with normal vision experience intensely visual dreams, but have decreased auditory stimulation and the other senses are mostly absent. Researchers have found that those who lost their sight before age five rarely saw images in their dreams, but those who go blind after age five may continue to see images in their dreams.

 

About 90% Of Dream Content Is Forgotten After 10 Minutes Of Being Awake

 

Dreams aren’t easy to recall. Just five minutes after the end of a dream, you are likely to forget half of the content. At 10 minutes, about 90% of the content has been forgotten. It’s not that dreams aren’t important enough to remember, but other things have a tendency to get in the way. As forward thinkers, we often forget things when we first wake up and carry on with our days. There are many plausible theories as to why we forget dreams. Freud believed that dreams were repressed thoughts and desires that weren’t necessary to believe anyway. However, dream researcher, L. Strumpell, theorized that we forget dreams for several reasons, such as a lack of intense dream images, as well as little association and repetition to help us learn and remember.

 

Animals Also Have Dreams

 

Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology discovered that animals do in fact dream and their subconscious thoughts are tied to actual experiences. Animals’ dreams are complex and they are able to retain long sequences of events while sleeping. Animals’ brains share the same series of sleeping states as humans, as well as replaying events or parts of events that happened while awake. Analyzing animals’ dreams and the content of dream states may help scientists more effectively treat memory disorders and develop new ways for people to learn and retain information. 

 

 

Contacts and sources:

Story by Tina Sans

www.onlinedegreeshub.com/blog/2011/10-amazing-facts-about-dreams/

 

 

 

Read more at Nano Patents and Innovations

http://nanopatentsandinnovations.blogspot.com/

Mon Sep 19 2011 01:25

full article:

http://beforeitsnews.com/story/1115/329/10_Amazing_Facts_About_Dreams.html

 

Ring of Power: Empire of the City - Full Length Documentary

Posted by fussylips on September 6, 2011 at 4:55 AM Comments comments (1)

Ring of Power: Empire of the City-Full Length Documentary

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4w-A54h_GQ8&feature=related

Uploaded by mysticdave666 on Feb 9, 2011

From the mystery religions of ancient Egypt to the Zionist role in 9/11, "Ring of Power -- Empire of the City -- 4,000 Years of Suppressed History" puzzles together the missing pieces of our human story. Find out how an Illuminati network of international bankers and European royalty have turned the world's nations and citizens into their debt slaves. 

 

Please support the producers: http://www.helpfreetheearth.com/DVD-ROP-detail-buy1.html

 

Part 1: 9/11 The Untold Story

Half the world believes Muslims were responsible for 9/11. The other half believes it was Israeli Zionists. Who is right?

 

Part 2: Hidden Empire 

The world's most powerful empire is not the USA. It is an empire that insiders call "Empire Of The City"

 

Part 3: Trail Of The Pharaohs 

Did the Biblical Abraham really live to be 175? Did Moses really turn staffs into snakes and rivers into blood?

 

Part 4: God And The Queen 

Genealogy charts show that British and French royalty are descendants of Mary Magdalene and Jesus. Is it true?

 

Part 5: All The Queen's Men 

How rich and powerful is Queen Elizabeth II?

 

Part6: The Godfathers 

They scammed control of the Bank of England and the US Federal Reserve, then they found God-Gold, Oil and Drugs.

 

Part 7: Cheating At Monopoly 

How many people would play a game of monopoly if the banker was cheating and fixing the rules? Over 6 billion.

 

Part 8: Asses Of Evil 

The New World Order MAFIA are invisible rulers who make puppets out of politicians and heroes out of villains.

 

Part 9: King Of Hearts 

The ultimate goal of "insiders" is to disarm the world and create one world empire under one world ruler. Who is he?

 

Part 10: Solutions 

Protesting and writing letters to deaf politicians doesn't work. What does work?

 

This video uses copyrighted material in a manner that does not require approval of the copyright holder. It is a fair use under copyright law.

Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.

 

The media material presented in this production is protected by the FAIR USE CLAUSE of the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976, which allows for the rebroadcast of copyrighted materials for the purposes of commentary, criticism, and education.

 


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